The answer to the calendar question is usually this: Well, the Jews have the oracles of Yahweh, so we don't have to worry about it. In reality, that is a cop out to studying a very complex question. I myself have been guilty of that kind of statement. But, do the Jews have control over the Calendar or your very lives? Remember you can't pick and choose. If the Jews have control over you, then you must listen to every thing they say. "Right!"
Let's Examine The Scripture!
· Romans 3:1 What advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit [is there] of circumcision?
· Romans 3:2 Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God.
· Romans 3:3 For what if some did not believe? shall their unbelief make the faith of Yah without effect?
Other translations render these verses very different and somewhat different! Example is the Lamsa. Here is that translation.
· Romans 3:1 What then is the superiority of the Jew? or what is the importance of circumcision?
· Romans 3:2 Much in every way; because the Jews were the first to believe in the words of God. (notice here "to believe")
· Romans 3:3 For what if some had not believed, could their unbelief nullify the faith of God?
Does these verses really say the Jews have authority over the calendar or anything else?
Well, you must ask the question; clearly there were at least three groups (that claimed to be the Shepherds of Israel). See Zec 11:8 Three shepherds also I cut off in one month; and my soul loathed them, and their soul also abhorred me. (many believe this is a prophecy of when Yahshua ended the Levite Priesthood.) Who were these three that claimed the right to shepherd Israel?
Pharisees, Sadducees, and Essenes
And they all disagreed with the calendar as well as many other things. For example:
There were about 6 different views of the calendar. These are very brief.
The Orthodox Jewish Calendar
This calendar was instituted in 359 A.D. by Hillel II. This is the calendar that has the postponements. It computes the equinox at the present time, and it rejects the direct observation of the New Moon.
The Samaritan Calendar
The Samaritans held their Passover a day earlier or in the beginning of the 14th of Abib
The Sadducees Calendar
The Sadducees counted the wave sheaf after the weekly Sabbath during the days of U.B., thereby having a Sunday Pentecost. The kept the Passover at the beginning of the 14th of Abib. Separating the Passover from the Days of U.B.
The Karaite Calendar
The Karaites observes the new Crescent moon, but do it locally. They intercalate the year by depending on the crops subject to the weather. They also kept the Passover in the beginning of the 14th of Abib, and like the Sadducees counted the wave sheaf from the morrow after the weekly Sabbath during the days of U.B.
The Essene Calendar
The Essene feast days were always on a Wednesday. They did not observe the crescent moon. Instead the months were 30, 30, and 31 days long for each quarter of the year, hence 91 days per quarter. The year had 364 days.
The Pharisees Calendar
The kept the Passover at the beginning of the 15th of Abib. They combined the Passover and Days of U.B.
Also, the Pharisees counted Pentecost from the first High Sabbath of Unleavened Bread, while the Sadducees counted Pentecost from the Weekly Sabbath, which falls within the Days of Unleavened Bread.
There are many other disagreements as well.
SO, let's ask the question again,
Back to Paul and the Roman church. The Apostle Paul was dealing with a problem with the Roman church, not unlike the other churches in Asia. Who was attending the Roman church?
That seems to be apparent. Jews and Gentiles. Remember, that the other tribes of Israel had long ago, been scattered. The only ones around were the Jews (a nickname of Judah).
Sure, the Jews got the "oracles of Yahweh", along with the other tribes. Think back to when Yahweh brought the nation of Israel out of bondage of Egypt. He brought them to Mt. Sinai to the very foot of the mountain.
"Who was there at Sinai?"
The answer of course is: All the tribes of Israel, plus a multitude of others that came out of Egypt with Israel.
So, where is the scripture that states they received the oracles and have authority over the calendar as well as other things.
The answer is easy.
The Apostle Paul is clearly just making a comparison between the two factions in the Roman Church. He explains that The Jew had greater light, more knowledge, better privileges, and higher honors. The greatest advantage was that they had the oracles of YAHWEH, the Holy Scriptures, and hence the promises which revealed a Messiah of mankind. This was not the only advantage, but simply the first. But now the Gentiles also have it. To the Jew first, then to the Gentiles as Paul says many times. Please turn to and read Chapters 2,3 and 4 to understand what the Apostle Paul is saying.
· Matthew 23:2 Saying, The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat:
· Matthew 23:3 All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, [that] observe and do; but do not ye after their works: for they say, and do not.
Following the life of the Messiah, you will find many things that He never followed in regard to the Scribes and Pharisees. In fact most of the time, they criticized Him for not doing as they said and as they did.
What is Moses' Seat?
They were not successors in his office as a legislator and mediator, but they read the Law that Moses was given, and explained it to the people. The people were to regard them so far as they spoke consistent with the law.
What Did They Do?
Clearly, the Scribes and Pharisees read the torah, or the laws given in the books of the law. Then went out and did as their traditional laws (Talmud) said. Yahshua said "Don't do as they do." Clearly, they would have read the laws concerning how to count the Holy Days but they counted them the way they wanted.
How About The Apostles?
Did the Apostles follow the Scribes and Pharisses? Well, lets see.
In the book of the Acts, Chapter 5:28 thru verse 40 we find Peter and others were arrested and brought before the Sandrehin because they were teaching in the Name of Yahshua. The Sandrehin commanded them to never teach in the Name of Yahshua again, beat them and released them.
Did the Apostles do as commanded?
The rest of the book of Acts shows clearly, the Apostles did not do as the Sandrehin said. They went right ahead teaching in the Name of Yahshua.
You can't pick and choose, if you accept that the Jews have the oracles of Yahweh, and they have authority over us.