Chapter 3:  "In the Beginning..."

After examining the Jewish calendar in detail, many have decided it is simply "not scriptural". So, what then is the answer? Are we to follow it anyway, or attempt to find the truth in order to observe Yahweh's Set-Apart Days. This is a decision each of us must make.

A Gentleman I know once remarked "I never saw a calendar that was not man-made". And of course, he was correct. There is no calendar, as we understand calendars in the Bible. Only scriptures that tell us how to count the Set-Apart Days. Because we have lived with the present calendar and have considered it correct, taking for granted the days of the month etc. It just might be why we really don't understand Yahweh commandments in regard to counting the Set-Part Days.

So, realizing that we are also human, we prayerfully, and honestly have attempted to search the scriptures to find Yahweh's will in this matter.
Perhaps it is wrong to call what we found a Calendar; maybe it is just an understanding.

In the book of Genesis we find this scripture:

Genesis 1:14
And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:

So, the lights, sun, moon and stars are for seasons, days, and years.

That is not so hard to comprehend! The sun sets in the west and starts the period of time we call the day. It is our sign for days. Without it, we could have no period of time known as day.
David writes in Psalms 104:19:

Who appointedst the moon for seasons; the sun knoweth his going down. I

That is a MIRACLE of Yahweh work. The Sun does what Yahweh designed it to do.

But, it also does more a great deal more that for mankind, for finding the Set-Part days.

It tells us the seasons!

Now another Miracle happens according to Yahweh's time clock that He set in motion, and keeps it in motion. It is what is called the Vernal Equinox and the Autumn Equinox. A time when Yahweh causes the sun to follow the equator totally within the suns courses. It is a MIRACLE that Yahweh causes to occur, twice a year by His time clock.

When this happens, day and night are both equal to each other. And Spring begins that very time. Yahweh is saying "Children, its time to plant."

Spring does not occur until the V.E. takes place.

Then in towards the end of the year, comes the Autumn Equinox, when in essence, Yahweh is saying "Children, it time to reap what you have sown."

So, YHWH has established our seasons for us. Should we accept His time frame to commence the beginning of Spring? I think the answer is yes!

One commentary puts it this way: "For days and years; for "signs" of good and bad weather; for the times of ploughing, sowing, reaping, &c. and for the "seasons" of summer and winter, spring and autumn; to set-apart the beginnings of months, and the times of the Feasts; for "days" by a circular motion for the space of twenty four hours; and for "years" by annual motion.

Babylonian Astronomy

Interesting constellation maps and useful calendars were developed by several ancient peoples, notably the Egyptians, the Mayans, and the Chinese, but the Babylonians accomplished even greater achievements.

It was their custom to designate as the beginning of each month the day after the new moon, when the lunar crescent first appears after sunset.

Originally this day was determined by observations, but later the Babylonians wanted to calculate it in advance. About 400 BC they realized that the apparent motions of the sun and moon from west to east around the zodiac do not have a constant speed. These bodies appear to move with increasing speed for half of each revolution to a definite maximum and then to decrease in speed to the former minimum. The Babylonians attempted to represent this cycle arithmetically by giving the moon, for example, a fixed speed for its motion during half its cycle and a different fixed speed for the other half. Later they refined the mathematical method by representing the speed of the moon as a factor that increases linearly from the minimum to maximum during half of its revolution and then decreases to the minimum at the end of the cycle. With these calculations of the lunar and solar motions, Babylonian stargazers could predict the time of the new moon and the day on which the new month would begin. As a by-product, they knew the daily positions of moon and sun for every day during the month.

Vernal Equinox

One of two times of year when the sun's position makes day and night of equal length in all parts of the earth. The vernal equinox occurs around March 21 and marks the beginning of the spring season in the Northern Hemisphere.


The function of Stonehenge has long been a matter of conjecture. In 1964 the American astronomer Gerald S. Hawkins reported findings obtained by supplying a computer with measurements taken at Stonehenge together with astronomical information based on celestial positions in 1500BC when Stonehenge was in use. According to Hawkins the Stonehenge complex could have been used to predict the summer and winter solstices, the vernal and autumnal equinoxes, and eclipses of both the sun and moon. Moreover, a variety of other information pertaining to the sun and moon could also be predicted with remarkable accuracy. Hawkins concluded that Stonehenge functioned as a means of predicting the positions of the sun and moon relative to the earth, and thereby the seasons, and perhaps also as a simple daily calendar.

The question of how do we know when the V.E. occurs is really not that hard. As shown above, many nations knew exactly how to do that. Today, we have many other sources as well.

So, we have a beginning to our study on counting towards Yahweh's Feast Days.

Understanding no.1 "Let our Creator give us the sign, first".

The New Moon

What is the New Moon? Was it the "Conjunction" or the "Crescent"? More later on that.

And now we come to Moses! When Yahweh first told him it was the New Moon and to start counting. Ex 12:2 "This month [shall be] unto you the beginning of months: it [shall be] the first month of the year to you." So, we have a beginning of months. The word translated Month is:

2320 chodesh {kho'-desh} from 2318;
TWOT - 613b; n m 1) the new moon, month,monthly
1a) the first day of the month 1b) the lunar month

This month is also call "Abib" or "Green ear month". This is the beginning of Yahweh's new year. It comes in the spring when plants begin anew, not in the dead of winter, as the Roman calendar indicates. Remember the Jewish Calendar erroneously calculates the 7th month instead of this first month.

But, in this verse we are not told what is the New Moon, or whether it is the conjunction or the Crescent moon.

So how did Moses know? The evidence shows that the Egyptians knew exactly how to calculate the conjunction of the moon. Moses was raised in the house of Pharaoh.

Is that how he knew?

Before we deal with the New Moon, let's remember some of the other scriptures that will give us some insight in regard to the time of this New Moon. 

Exodus 9:31-32
And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley [was] in the ear, and the flax [was] bolled.
But the wheat and the rye were not smitten: for they [were] not grown up.

How much time before the beginning of months was this plague? 

  • Notice Ex 10:4 "The plague of the locusts". 
  • Notice Ex 10:22 "The plague of Darkness" 
  • Notice Ex 11.1 "The time involved with Moses going to Pharaoh and returning to his camp".


"The Barley was in the ear."

The Barley grows in the spring and comes in the ear after spring arrives. How does spring arrive? Yahweh performs a miracle and provides us with the sign of the V.E.

How much time is involved from the time the Barley is in the ear and the time of harvesting the Barley? As much as 2 to 3 weeks.

Would you say this New Moon was after the V.E.?

Before we deal with the "Conjunction or the Crescent", lets deal with the Barley.