Chapter 5:  Conjunction Or Crescent?

One of the first things we need to do is to take a look at the phases of the moon. The moon travels in a counter clockwise orbit around the earth. The orbit is more oval in structure, rather than circular. The time of the moon’s orbit varies each and every month.

So, periodically Yahweh’s law comes into effect and a Miracle occurs. Yahweh causes the moon, sun, and earth to come into direct alignment with each other. And this is a sign for mankind to begin to count, for the Holy Days.

Conjunction

The time for counting starts when the moon is positioned exactly in alignment between the earth and the sun. Remember in Scriptures where it says the sun and moon, and stars are for signs. I have not remarked on some of this before, because of fear of being perceived as getting into astrology. But now, I have concluded there is a great deal to be learned in studying the alignment of the stars and the planetary bodies. But this is another story. History records that many nations were able to calculate the conjunction exactly. For example two of them, Egypt and Babylon (although they only calculated to find when the crescent would take place). The ancient Aztec’s were more than capable of determining the conjunction as well. Any man or women with the proper talents or gifts can do this quite easily.

At the conjunction, the moon is very different than at any other time of its orbit. It is totally obscured to the eye. It cannot be seen. As a result of this, you will not be tempted to look up see the moon and worship it, as Yahweh has warned against.

Crescent

The moon in this phase is now emitting a thin line of light. Many religious people today use this method of counting to determine the days. The nation of Islam uses this, among others. If you will take notice, on the top of their temples the crescent moon, which they describe as having horns is quite visible. Where did this originate? The symbolism of using horns came from Babylon, because of the worship of cows and the sun and moon. Babylon utilized it and used the crescent as part of worship toward other gods. There is a great deal of research available on this.

Abraham lived in Ur and later Haram where it was the center of crescent worship of the moon-goddess Ishtar called Ningal in Ur.

She has had many names in many different nations- Her worship required licentiousness, sacred prostitution in connection with her temples-her priestesses entertained male worshippers in disgraceful ceremonies-Every maid, wife or widow had to officiate at least once in her lifetime in these rites-Sin-the moon-god was the deity of Ur.

Yahweh called Abraham out of Babylon, as He calls us today.

There is a time the moon is different from any other. That is at the conjunction. From the time the moon starts its orbit at conjunction, it travels around the earth, until its journey is completed. Then it is renewed by Yahweh to begin the start of a new month, and does exactly what Yahweh has designed it to do. This is the time the Father brings it into alignment with the earth and the sun. What a miracle that is, when this takes place.

King David knew this, and has informed us in Scripture!

Psalm 81:3
Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day.

Let us analyze this, and determine what David was saying. This should be obvious that David is talking about the Feast of Trumpets. That is the day of the New Moon.

The words "New Moon" is translated from:

02320 chodesh kho' -desh from 02318;
Taken from the root 2318
1) the new moon, month, monthly 1a) the first day of the month
The root word.
a primitive root
AV-renew 7, repair
1) to be new, renew, repair

Examples of how this word is used in other scriptures:

  • 1 Samuel 11:14
    and renew the kingdom there
  • 2 Chronicles 15:8
    renewed the altar
  • 2 Chronicles 24:4
    repair the house of the LORD
  • 2 Chronicles 24:12
    carpenters to repair the house
  • Job 10:17
    Thou renewest thy witnesses
  • Psalms 51:10
    renew a right spirit within me.
  • Psalms 103:5
    thy youth is renewed 
  • Psalms 104:30
    Thou sendest forth thy spirit, they are created: and thou renewest the face of the earth.

David chose to use the word "Codesh" which comes from the root word "Chadesh"... This word means to renew, repair, be new, bring back.

But David could have chosen the Hebrew word "Saharon", which means Crescent moon. But he did not. More on the Crescent moon later.

But David chose the word "Chadesh? Meaning new moon.

"The time appointed" This seems to be a bad translation.

In the NIV it is translated "Full Moon". Well all know we can't have a full moon on the first day of the month. So what is the real meaning here. The word "appointed" is translated from the Hebrew:

3677 kece' {keh'-seh} or keceh {keh'-seh}
Which is from the root:

3680 kacah {kaw-saw'}
Which means: to cover, conceal, hide

So, what David is really saying is "Blow up the trumpet on the first of the month (7th month), in the time of the hidden moon, on our solemn feast day.

What is the New Moon?

The hidden Moon, when totally dark is a conjunction with the sun, and earth. A miracle of Yahweh's time clocks in action.

Another example from King David

How could David make these statements with such certainty?

I Samuel 20:5
And David said unto Jonathan, Behold, to morrow [is] the new moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third [day] at even.

Jonathan also, knew with certainty that tomorrow is the New Moon? How?

I Samuel 20:18
Then Jonathan said to David, To morrow [is] the new moon: and thou shalt be missed, because thy seat will be empty.

There was no written and saved history, before the Jews came back from Babylon. We know how it was done then. Witness's were sent out, and when they saw the crescent moon, they lit a fire on the mountain, then came back to Jerusalem to be questioned by the Sanhedrin....Well, that took some time, did it not.

But how did David know that tomorrow was the new moon?

Well, could he have looked up in the sky and saw the conjunction and said tomorrow is the Crescent moon and that is the New moon? Hardly possible. You can not see the moon when Yahweh is renewing it. It is dark.

So, how could he have known?

Some say, they were calculating it. Well, many nations knew how to do that as well as Israel.... Others say, well this dinner David was talking about was preplanned ahead. And some say, the kings always invited envoys from other parts of Israel to attend. Still more have concluded that it had to have been planned for quite a while. So, calculating the conjunction is how they did it.

Many feel that, David looked up and saw the last Crescent moon, thereby knowing tomorrow is the new moon. You can see the last crescent just about daybreak the day before conjunction. Is that what David saw?

How could David have stated with certainty, that "tomorrow is the New moon"?

If they were doing it in the way it was done when they returned from Babylon, David would have had to wait until they saw the Crescent moon, about sunset, then waited until the witness had returned to Jerusalem, then word would have been brought to the King. Seems likely that process would take a bit of time...But what if, it was cloudy and overcast that evening, then they would have had to wait another day. Is that scriptural?

Argument for the Crescent

Some say according Gesenisus' Hebrew/Chaldee Lexicon that the term "Hodesh"(2320) came from # 2318 which means to be new, or to polish a sword. Etymologist has well observed that its PRIMARY SENSE IS THAT OF CUTTING AND POLISHING. and the signification of newness appears to proceed from that of a sharp polished splendid sword. We see that a new moon CANNOT mean a full moon. A full moon in no way appears as a polished sword ( or a conjunction moon). IN THE CASE OF A TRUE NEW MOON, IT APPEARS AS A SCIMITAR, OR CURVED SWORD".

Answer...

Yes, we knew of this definition early on in our search for the truth. There are many Hebrew scholars that certainly disagree with the "Gesenisus". I really have not found any other definitions that agree with "Gesenisus".

Some would say, the Crescent does not look like a sword. But I would disagree with that. Searching has shown us that the Arab (Muslims) built their swords in a Crescent style. We understand that Islam counts from the Crescent, in fact many Crescent moons appear on top of their Mosques as previously stated. And there is evidence in the digs around Ur and Haram (where Abram was called from), that on top of the temple built for the moon god; a crescent moon was there.

Crescent Moon

The Crescent Moon - Saharon

Isaiah 3:18
In that day the Lord will take away the bravery of [their] tinkling ornaments [about their feet], and [their] cauls, and [their] round tires like the moon,...

The NIV has this: 

In that day the Lord will snatch away their finery: the bangles and headbands and crescent necklaces,...

The word moon is translated from:

7720 saharon {sah-har-one'}
1) moon, crescent, as ornament

Other places this is found:

Judges 8:21
Then Zebah and Zalmunna said, Rise thou, and fall upon us: for as the man [is, so is] his strength. And Gideon arose, and slew Zebah and Zalmunna, and took away the ornaments that [were] on their camels' necks.

Judges 8:26
And the weight of the golden earrings that he requested was a thousand and seven hundred [shekels] of gold; beside ornaments, and collars, and purple raiment that [was] on the kings of Midian, and beside the chains that [were] about their camels' necks.

 

What about this?

History seems to indicate that after the Babylonian captivity that the first visible crescent was sighted. The sighting was then checked and verified by a great assembly, which was the forerunner of the Sanhedrin.

Was this the way they observed the new moon before the exile? I have not found any evidence to show it. The fact is there are few references to a calendar before the exile.

The only proof we have is the history recorded by the Pharisees who are the Rabbis of today. The next problem we have is that while in Babylon the leaders may have taken on more than just the Babylonian names for the months. The fact is, as the bible itself reveals, the Israelites were influenced by the people around them.

The Saharon, which was probably made of metal and had the form of a crescent, i.e., the crescent moon. It was worn by women (Isa. 3:18), and by kings (Jud. 8:26), and tied to the necks of camels (Jud. 8:21) to protect them from the Evil Eye.

The crescent was a favorite amulet among many peoples of Western Asia, and it represented to them the strength and protection of the waxing and not the waning moon. " (Budge, pg. 213) "Before Jacob went to Bethel to present himself before Yahweh he made all his people to hand over to him their "strange gods" and ear-rings (i.e., crescent-shaped amulets), and he hid them under the oak which was in Schechem (Gen. 35:4)" (Budge, pg. 214)

Of these references, the scriptural evidence is pre-exodus with the exception of Isaiah which talks of a time when the daughters of Jerusalem will have their jewelry taken away including crescents. It is also interesting to note that the ancient Babylonian's had a Elohim (god) (they called "mighty one" whose name was Sin and whose symbol was that of a crescent. "The Babylonian moon-god Sin (su'e) stands in a crescent-moon, his symbol. Agate Neo-Babylonian seal c. 7th - 6th cent. B.C." (The Illustrated Bible Dictionary, pg. 1023).

There is a word in Hebrew that means crescent moon that word is Saharon yare'akh. The word saharon is in the scriptures and refers to amulets as seen above. But it is interesting that the Hebrew word for new moon (Chodesh) and crescent moon (Saharon yare'akh) are not the same. If there was a word available to describe what moon the new moon is and if the new moon was a crescent, then why isn't it used in the scriptures.

We can see that the first visible crescent (waxing) is used by the neighbors of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob and their descendants the Israelites as a protective amulet as well as worshipped as a deity. If you read throughout the Holy Scriptures you will see that the Israelites followed after these peoples and practices their idolatries. Why else would Elohim say that he would take away their crescents. While I will not try to tell you that it proves that the crescent is not the new moon, I find the evidence of crescent-moon worship disturbing. Would Yahweh link himself to pagan practices and rites?  I think not!