The Congregation of YHWH

A Study of the Calendar

The views and opinions expressed in this document are those of the writer, Elder Jim Ingle of Eldon, Missouri. For comments on this article, please click on his name and send an email.  

 

Chapter 1: Jewish Calendar

Chapter 2: Oracles of Yahweh

Chapter 3: In the Beginning

Chapter 4: Barley

Chapter 5: Conjunction or Crescent?

Chapter 6: From David to the Captivity

Chapter 7: The Second Temple Period

Chapter 8: The Time of Messiah Yahshua

Chapter 9: The End of the Year

Chapter 10: A Summary

 

Introduction

After reading the Jewish Calendar and the Oracles of Yahweh, you feel that there is certainly something wrong in the calendar today then, let me take you back were we started from "The Beginning."

Chapter 1: Jewish Calendar

"Why we do not accept the Jewish Calendar!"

The views and beliefs are of this writer only!
 

This year, the year 2000, many of us observed the Feast of Trumpets on September 28, while others observed it on September 30, two days later. 

Why? 

Lets review the commandment concerning the Feast of Trumpets. 

Leviticus 23:23-25
And Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying, Speak to the children of Israel, saying, in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, shall be a solemn rest to you, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. You shall do no servile work; and you shall offer an offering made by fire to Yahweh.

This really is not hard to understand! In the seventh month on the first day. Not the second day, nor the third day, but the first day.

Lets ask questions: 

First, Does Yahweh change? Does Yahweh give any man the right to change this commandment? I think you would agree that the answer to both is "NO". Why then did we observe the Feast of Trumpets on September 28? The answer is quite simple. The conjunction occurred (Central time) at 8:15 p.m. on September 27 (Roman calendar). Because it was after sunset, we had to count it September 28 as New Moon Day, therefore September 28, was the first day of the 7th month.

Many for years have been blindly going by the Jewish Calendar for years, including this writer, thereby observing the wrong Holy Days.

Why was the Jewish Calendar two days off, thereby making Trumpets, Atonement and the Feast of Tabernacles off two days? Read on!

History shows the Jewish calendar and the many that followed, was established in 359 A.D. The Roman Catholic Church would not, or could not trust the Jews in their calendar to produce a date for (Catholic) Easter. From the time the Temple was destroyed in 70 A.D. the Jews had changed their calendar many times because of disagreements within their court.

So, Hillel II set out with the permission of the Roman Pope Julian to establish a new calendar. His reasoning was that Jews around the world could observe the Holy Days on the same day.

What is the Postponement rules connected with the Jewish Calendar?

There Are Four!

  1. Trumpets cannot fall on Sunday, Wednesday or Friday.  If so, postpone one day.
  2. If the Molad (Conjunction) falls at noon or later, postpone one day.  If the next day is Sunday, Wednesday or Friday then postpone one more day.
  3. In the Common Year, if the Molad (Conjunction) falls at D3 9H 204P or later (Tuesday 204P after 3 a.m. or later) Postpone Trumpets to Thursday.
  4. In the Common Year after a leap year only, if the Molad falls on D2 15H 589P or later (i.e. Monday 589P after 9 a.m. Postpone Trumpets to Tuesday.

Confused?

Where in scripture do you find this?

Answer: "No Where!"

"Another rule"

The Jewish Calendar sets the New Moon nearest the Vernal Equinox.

So, under their rule, you can start counting the new moon as much as 13 days before Spring gets here.

Also, the Jewish calendar calculates the 7th month then counts back to the 1st month (Abib) to set Passover. The scripture say, the first month is in the spring (Abib) Ex 12.1, not the 7th month. When did they start that? My best answer is when they came back from captivity in Babylon. Why? Where is that in scripture? Actually you are beginning Spring before it is Spring and indeed still in the winter period. That should help you understand why we are different one day at Passover and two days different at Trumpets, Atonement and Tabernacles in the year 2000. In the year 2000 the seventh Molad (month) falls September 28 in the afternoon. That is a Thursday. So, the postponement rule sets it to Friday, but their other rule says it cannot be on Friday, so now it is set to Sabbath. Thereby making Trumpets (not the first day of the 7th month) but the third day of the 7th month.

SCRIPTURAL? Definitely don't think so.

Then they count back to the first month from their postponement (of one day) and then count to Passover, making it one day later than we do. So, the first month conjunction is April 5, counting 14 days to Passover brings you to April 18. However by the Jewish rule, you will observe Passover on the 15th day of the first month and Days of Unleavened Bread on the 16th day in the year 2000.

Is that Scriptural?

Chapter 2: Oracles of Yahweh

The answer to the calendar question is usually this: Well, the Jews have the oracles of Yahweh, so we don't have to worry about it. In reality, that is a cop out to studying a very complex question. I myself have been guilty of that kind of statement. But, do the Jews have control over the Calendar or your very lives? Remember you can't pick and choose. If the Jews have control over you, then you must listen to every thing they say. "Right!"

Let's Examine The Scripture!

·       Romans 3:1 What advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit [is there] of circumcision?

·       Romans 3:2 Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God.

·       Romans 3:3 For what if some did not believe? shall their unbelief make the faith of Yah without effect?

Other Translations!

Other translations render these verses very different and somewhat different! Example is the Lamsa. Here is that translation.

·       Romans 3:1 What then is the superiority of the Jew? or what is the importance of circumcision?

·       Romans 3:2 Much in every way; because the Jews were the first to believe in the words of God. (notice here "to believe")

·       Romans 3:3 For what if some had not believed, could their unbelief nullify the faith of God?

Does these verses really say the Jews have authority over the calendar or anything else?

Which Jew?

Well, you must ask the question; clearly there were at least three groups (that claimed to be the Shepherds of Israel). See Zec 11:8 Three shepherds also I cut off in one month; and my soul loathed them, and their soul also abhorred me. (many believe this is a prophecy of when Yahshua ended the Levite Priesthood.) Who were these three that claimed the right to shepherd Israel?

Pharisees, Sadducees, and Essenes

And they all disagreed with the calendar as well as many other things. For example:

There were about 6 different views of the calendar. These are very brief.

The Orthodox Jewish Calendar

This calendar was instituted in 359 A.D. by Hillel II. This is the calendar that has the postponements. It computes the equinox at the present time, and it rejects the direct observation of the New Moon.

The Samaritan Calendar

The Samaritans held their Passover a day earlier or in the beginning of the 14th of Abib

The Sadducees Calendar

The Sadducees counted the wave sheaf after the weekly Sabbath during the days of U.B., thereby having a Sunday Pentecost. The kept the Passover at the beginning of the 14th of Abib. Separating the Passover from the Days of U.B.

The Karaite Calendar

The Karaites observes the new Crescent moon, but do it locally. They intercalate the year by depending on the crops subject to the weather. They also kept the Passover in the beginning of the 14th of Abib, and like the Sadducees counted the wave sheaf from the morrow after the weekly Sabbath during the days of U.B.

The Essene Calendar

The Essene feast days were always on a Wednesday. They did not observe the crescent moon. Instead the months were 30, 30, and 31 days long for each quarter of the year, hence 91 days per quarter. The year had 364 days.

The Pharisees Calendar

The kept the Passover at the beginning of the 15th of Abib. They combined the Passover and Days of U.B.

Also, the Pharisees counted Pentecost from the first High Sabbath of Unleavened Bread, while the Sadducees counted Pentecost from the Weekly Sabbath, which falls within the Days of Unleavened Bread.

There are many other disagreements as well.

SO, let's ask the question again,

"Which Jew?"

Back to Paul and the Roman church. The Apostle Paul was dealing with a problem with the Roman church, not unlike the other churches in Asia. Who was attending the Roman church?

That seems to be apparent. Jews and Gentiles. Remember, that the other tribes of Israel had long ago, been scattered. The only ones around were the Jews (a nickname of Judah).

Sure, the Jews got the "oracles of Yahweh", along with the other tribes. Think back to when Yahweh brought the nation of Israel out of bondage of Egypt. He brought them to Mt. Sinai to the very foot of the mountain.

"Who was there at Sinai?"

The answer of course is: All the tribes of Israel, plus a multitude of others that came out of Egypt with Israel.

So, where is the scripture that states they received the oracles and have authority over the calendar as well as other things.

The answer is easy.

The Apostle Paul is clearly just making a comparison between the two factions in the Roman Church. He explains that The Jew had greater light, more knowledge, better privileges, and higher honors. The greatest advantage was that they had the oracles of YAHWEH, the Holy Scriptures, and hence the promises which revealed a Messiah of mankind. This was not the only advantage, but simply the first. But now the Gentiles also have it. To the Jew first, then to the Gentiles as Paul says many times. Please turn to and read Chapters 2,3 and 4 to understand what the Apostle Paul is saying.

Moses' Seat

·       Matthew 23:2 Saying, The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat:

·       Matthew 23:3 All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, [that] observe and do; but do not ye after their works: for they say, and do not.

Following the life of the Messiah, you will find many things that He never followed in regard to the Scribes and Pharisees. In fact most of the time, they criticized Him for not doing as they said and as they did.

What is Moses' Seat?

They were not successors in his office as a legislator and mediator, but they read the Law that Moses was given, and explained it to the people. The people were to regard them so far as they spoke consistent with the law.

What Did They Do?

Clearly, the Scribes and Pharisees read the torah, or the laws given in the books of the law. Then went out and did as their traditional laws (Talmud) said. Yahshua said "Don't do as they do." Clearly, they would have read the laws concerning how to count the Holy Days but they counted them the way they wanted.

How About The Apostles?

Did the Apostles follow the Scribes and Pharisses? Well, lets see.

In the book of the Acts, Chapter 5:28 thru verse 40 we find Peter and others were arrested and brought before the Sandrehin because they were teaching in the Name of Yahshua. The Sandrehin commanded them to never teach in the Name of Yahshua again, beat them and released them.

Did the Apostles do as commanded?

The rest of the book of Acts shows clearly, the Apostles did not do as the Sandrehin said. They went right ahead teaching in the Name of Yahshua.

You can't pick and choose, if you accept that the Jews have the oracles of Yahweh, and they have authority over us.

Chapter 3:  "In the Beginning..."

After examining the Jewish calendar in detail, many have decided it is simply "not scriptural". So, what then is the answer? Are we to follow it anyway, or attempt to find the truth in order to observe Yahweh's Set-Apart Days. This is a decision each of us must make.

A Gentleman I know once remarked "I never saw a calendar that was not man-made". And of course, he was correct. There is no calendar, as we understand calendars in the Bible. Only scriptures that tell us how to count the Set-Apart Days. Because we have lived with the present calendar and have considered it correct, taking for granted the days of the month etc. It just might be why we really don't understand Yahweh commandments in regard to counting the Set-Part Days.

So, realizing that we are also human, we prayerfully, and honestly have attempted to search the scriptures to find Yahweh's will in this matter.
Perhaps it is wrong to call what we found a Calendar; maybe it is just an understanding.

In the book of Genesis we find this scripture:

Genesis 1:14
And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:

So, the lights, sun, moon and stars are for seasons, days, and years.

That is not so hard to comprehend! The sun sets in the west and starts the period of time we call the day. It is our sign for days. Without it, we could have no period of time known as day.
David writes in Psalms 104:19:

Who appointedst the moon for seasons; the sun knoweth his going down. I

That is a MIRACLE of Yahweh work. The Sun does what Yahweh designed it to do.

But, it also does more a great deal more that for mankind, for finding the Set-Part days.

It tells us the seasons!

Now another Miracle happens according to Yahweh's time clock that He set in motion, and keeps it in motion. It is what is called the Vernal Equinox and the Autumn Equinox. A time when Yahweh causes the sun to follow the equator totally within the suns courses. It is a MIRACLE that Yahweh causes to occur, twice a year by His time clock.

When this happens, day and night are both equal to each other. And Spring begins that very time. Yahweh is saying "Children, its time to plant."

Spring does not occur until the V.E. takes place.

Then in towards the end of the year, comes the Autumn Equinox, when in essence, Yahweh is saying "Children, it time to reap what you have sown."

So, YHWH has established our seasons for us. Should we accept His time frame to commence the beginning of Spring? I think the answer is yes!

One commentary puts it this way: "For days and years; for "signs" of good and bad weather; for the times of ploughing, sowing, reaping, &c. and for the "seasons" of summer and winter, spring and autumn; to set-apart the beginnings of months, and the times of the Feasts; for "days" by a circular motion for the space of twenty four hours; and for "years" by annual motion.

Babylonian Astronomy

Interesting constellation maps and useful calendars were developed by several ancient peoples, notably the Egyptians, the Mayans, and the Chinese, but the Babylonians accomplished even greater achievements.

It was their custom to designate as the beginning of each month the day after the new moon, when the lunar crescent first appears after sunset.

Originally this day was determined by observations, but later the Babylonians wanted to calculate it in advance. About 400 BC they realized that the apparent motions of the sun and moon from west to east around the zodiac do not have a constant speed. These bodies appear to move with increasing speed for half of each revolution to a definite maximum and then to decrease in speed to the former minimum. The Babylonians attempted to represent this cycle arithmetically by giving the moon, for example, a fixed speed for its motion during half its cycle and a different fixed speed for the other half. Later they refined the mathematical method by representing the speed of the moon as a factor that increases linearly from the minimum to maximum during half of its revolution and then decreases to the minimum at the end of the cycle. With these calculations of the lunar and solar motions, Babylonian stargazers could predict the time of the new moon and the day on which the new month would begin. As a by-product, they knew the daily positions of moon and sun for every day during the month.

Vernal Equinox

One of two times of year when the sun's position makes day and night of equal length in all parts of the earth. The vernal equinox occurs around March 21 and marks the beginning of the spring season in the Northern Hemisphere.

Stonehenge

The function of Stonehenge has long been a matter of conjecture. In 1964 the American astronomer Gerald S. Hawkins reported findings obtained by supplying a computer with measurements taken at Stonehenge together with astronomical information based on celestial positions in 1500BC when Stonehenge was in use. According to Hawkins the Stonehenge complex could have been used to predict the summer and winter solstices, the vernal and autumnal equinoxes, and eclipses of both the sun and moon. Moreover, a variety of other information pertaining to the sun and moon could also be predicted with remarkable accuracy. Hawkins concluded that Stonehenge functioned as a means of predicting the positions of the sun and moon relative to the earth, and thereby the seasons, and perhaps also as a simple daily calendar.

The question of how do we know when the V.E. occurs is really not that hard. As shown above, many nations knew exactly how to do that. Today, we have many other sources as well.

So, we have a beginning to our study on counting towards Yahweh's Feast Days.

Understanding no.1 "Let our Creator give us the sign, first".

The New Moon

What is the New Moon? Was it the "Conjunction" or the "Crescent"? More later on that.

And now we come to Moses! When Yahweh first told him it was the New Moon and to start counting. Ex 12:2 "This month [shall be] unto you the beginning of months: it [shall be] the first month of the year to you." So, we have a beginning of months. The word translated Month is:

2320 chodesh {kho'-desh} from 2318;
TWOT - 613b; n m 1) the new moon, month,monthly
1a) the first day of the month 1b) the lunar month

This month is also call "Abib" or "Green ear month". This is the beginning of Yahweh's new year. It comes in the spring when plants begin anew, not in the dead of winter, as the Roman calendar indicates. Remember the Jewish Calendar erroneously calculates the 7th month instead of this first month.

But, in this verse we are not told what is the New Moon, or whether it is the conjunction or the Crescent moon.

So how did Moses know? The evidence shows that the Egyptians knew exactly how to calculate the conjunction of the moon. Moses was raised in the house of Pharaoh.

Is that how he knew?

Before we deal with the New Moon, let's remember some of the other scriptures that will give us some insight in regard to the time of this New Moon. 

Exodus 9:31-32
And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley [was] in the ear, and the flax [was] bolled.
But the wheat and the rye were not smitten: for they [were] not grown up.

How much time before the beginning of months was this plague? 

  • Notice Ex 10:4 "The plague of the locusts". 
  • Notice Ex 10:22 "The plague of Darkness" 
  • Notice Ex 11.1 "The time involved with Moses going to Pharaoh and returning to his camp".

 

"The Barley was in the ear."

The Barley grows in the spring and comes in the ear after spring arrives. How does spring arrive? Yahweh performs a miracle and provides us with the sign of the V.E.

How much time is involved from the time the Barley is in the ear and the time of harvesting the Barley? As much as 2 to 3 weeks.

Would you say this New Moon was after the V.E.?

Before we deal with the "Conjunction or the Crescent", lets deal with the Barley.

Chapter 4:  Barley

Ex 9:31-32
And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley [was] in the ear, and the flax [was] bolled.
But the wheat and the rye were not smitten: for they [were] not grown up.

It seems pretty clear here that the Barley was at a young stage of development, while the wheat was not grown. Also, Barley at a young age would be ruined by hail, while if it was ripe, ready to harvest, would only have the seeds knocked out and could be picked up off the ground.

A little about Barley and how it is harvested.

In today's world, barley is combined with machinery. But, before that, it was cut with a sickle. It was cut when it was about ripe, but not quite. There was a reason for that. If it were totally ripe, the barley seeds would fall out when the sickle cut them. So, in order not to lose their grain, they cut it about 2 weeks before the harvest, tied it into sheaves, took it to the threshing floor to dry, see the book of Ruth, then after it was dry, it was harvested by "waving", "shaking", "beating" etc. Before that occurred, they were (each family) a sheaf to Jerusalem to be waved before Yahweh. Lev 23. At that time it was the beginning of the Barley Harvest.

Paraphrase from the "Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening".

Under the heading "Barley" it says to grow barley as you would wheat. Barley is harvested the same as wheat: cut, bundled and shocked to dry.
Under the heading "Wheat" it says that as it ripens, wheat turns dull yellow, and the kernels become brittle, BUT, if you thresh by hand, cut the wheat when it is still slightly green. The stalks should be yellow with green shot through them. It must be bunched for threshing. Tie the bundles, allow them to dry. The grain will ripen in about two weeks and can then be threshed.

I think it is interesting that a farmer knows exactly how to cut, dry and harvest the Barley. This writer had a hand in that when he was young.

The month of Abib is the month when the barley has reached the stage to harvest. The Barley 2-3 weeks or 15 to 21 days after the beginning of the month. The month "Abib" could be called the month when the Barley is green and when it is ripe to harvest.

Young, tender Barley?

Many today seem to think the Wave Sheaf was of Young, tender Barley. Does this sheaf represent the Messiah, Yahshua? Of course it does. Was He young, tender?

No, He was fully mature, ripe just as the Sheaf should be, ready to harvest.

There is one scripture that throws folks a curve. It is:

Deuteronomy 16:9
Seven weeks shalt thou number unto thee: begin to number the seven weeks from [such time as] thou beginnest [to put] the sickle to the corn.

The word time used in this scripture can be rendered "season".

Clearly in the following scriptures the time to count from is found here:

Leviticus 23:15-16
And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the Sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven Sabbaths shall be complete:
Even unto the morrow after the seventh Sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto Yahweh.

The Year 1999

If you followed the Jewish Calendar in 1999, there was no Barley for the wave sheaf offering. That was attested to by many in Israel attempting to find barley growing.

Here is one report about the barley in 1999!

Karaite Korner Newsletter Barley (Abib) Report March 21, 1999

Today my wife and I went to look at barley fields next to the Arab village of Hizma (near Jerusalem). We looked at fields which I had previously inspected and mentioned in an earlier report. The barley in these fields had grown very little in the last 2 weeks and was still small plants which may never reach maturity because of the drought. We then inspected several fields to the west of the village which we had not previously checked and found much more promising results. The barley in the second set of Hizma fields was lush and green. Most of it had not headed, that is the heads had not come out of the stalks. We found a few stalks that had headed and already had the beginning of a seed that contained a cotton-like substance (very early stage). These crops will almost certainly reach full maturity (eventually) and seem to have survived the drought.

This may be because they are situated in a wadi through which the rainwater naturally drains off the adjacent mountains. I doubt these fields will be Abib by the end of the month as will be the case with barley in other areas but the barley never ripens all at once. This is why it is important to look at numerous fields in different parts of the country.

The barley on Mount Scopus might be Abib in 2 weeks, at least some of it. The spontaneous barley from the Negev described in the first report as "Between water and wax" will definitely be Abib 2 weeks from now (by the beginning of the next lunar month) and will be ready for harvest 2-3 weeks after that, in time for the wave-sheaf offering and when the scythe commences on the standing grain.

P.S. We just carried out an experiment on barley gathered from Mount Scopus and the fields near Hizma. The barley stalks from Mount Scopus used in the experiment had entered the early "Between Wax and Water" stage while some were still in the water stage. The barley stalks from Hizma used in the experiment had just headed and were before the water stage (with part of the seed having a cotton-like texture).

Because the moisture content in the stalks was so high we were only able to remove the seeds by painstakingly opening up the husks and removing them one at a time. We then put the seeds into a dry frying pan on a low heat. The seeds which were in the very early stage with the cotton-like substance were tiny and dried out in the frying pan producing a microscopic crunchy dot. The seeds in the water stage and early "between wax and water" stage dried out in the frying pan and produced a crunchy flat skin, the inside of the seeds having completely evaporated.

We also put stalks in the early "between water and wax" stage in the frying pan without having removed the seeds, thinking that once the stalk was dried out it would be easier to remove the seeds. The result was that the seeds dried out into a flat crunchy skin that fused with the stalk and could not be removed.

Nehemia Gordon
The Karaite Korner
Jerusalem, Israel 

This is just one of the reports from Israel during that time. It seems clear; there was no "barley" for the "wave sheaf" if you followed the early new moon and the Jewish Calendar.

Why?

It was because the Jewish Calendar counted the New Moon (Spring) before the Vernal Equinox occurred. In other words, they set Abib in the days of winter instead of Spring.

However, for many of us, who realized that and waited for the New Moon after the V.E., there was plenty of Barley, just right for the Wave Sheaf.

Chapter 5:  Conjunction Or Crescent?

One of the first things we need to do is to take a look at the phases of the moon. The moon travels in a counter clockwise orbit around the earth. The orbit is more oval in structure, rather than circular. The time of the moon’s orbit varies each and every month.

So, periodically Yahweh’s law comes into effect and a Miracle occurs. Yahweh causes the moon, sun, and earth to come into direct alignment with each other. And this is a sign for mankind to begin to count, for the Holy Days.

Conjunction

The time for counting starts when the moon is positioned exactly in alignment between the earth and the sun. Remember in Scriptures where it says the sun and moon, and stars are for signs. I have not remarked on some of this before, because of fear of being perceived as getting into astrology. But now, I have concluded there is a great deal to be learned in studying the alignment of the stars and the planetary bodies. But this is another story. History records that many nations were able to calculate the conjunction exactly. For example two of them, Egypt and Babylon (although they only calculated to find when the crescent would take place). The ancient Aztec’s were more than capable of determining the conjunction as well. Any man or women with the proper talents or gifts can do this quite easily.

At the conjunction, the moon is very different than at any other time of its orbit. It is totally obscured to the eye. It cannot be seen. As a result of this, you will not be tempted to look up see the moon and worship it, as Yahweh has warned against.

Crescent

The moon in this phase is now emitting a thin line of light. Many religious people today use this method of counting to determine the days. The nation of Islam uses this, among others. If you will take notice, on the top of their temples the crescent moon, which they describe as having horns is quite visible. Where did this originate? The symbolism of using horns came from Babylon, because of the worship of cows and the sun and moon. Babylon utilized it and used the crescent as part of worship toward other gods. There is a great deal of research available on this.

Abraham lived in Ur and later Haram where it was the center of crescent worship of the moon-goddess Ishtar called Ningal in Ur.

She has had many names in many different nations- Her worship required licentiousness, sacred prostitution in connection with her temples-her priestesses entertained male worshippers in disgraceful ceremonies-Every maid, wife or widow had to officiate at least once in her lifetime in these rites-Sin-the moon-god was the deity of Ur.

Yahweh called Abraham out of Babylon, as He calls us today.

There is a time the moon is different from any other. That is at the conjunction. From the time the moon starts its orbit at conjunction, it travels around the earth, until its journey is completed. Then it is renewed by Yahweh to begin the start of a new month, and does exactly what Yahweh has designed it to do. This is the time the Father brings it into alignment with the earth and the sun. What a miracle that is, when this takes place.

King David knew this, and has informed us in Scripture!

Psalm 81:3
Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day.

Let us analyze this, and determine what David was saying. This should be obvious that David is talking about the Feast of Trumpets. That is the day of the New Moon.

The words "New Moon" is translated from:

02320 chodesh kho' -desh from 02318;
Taken from the root 2318
1) the new moon, month, monthly 1a) the first day of the month
The root word.
a primitive root
AV-renew 7, repair
1) to be new, renew, repair

Examples of how this word is used in other scriptures:

  • 1 Samuel 11:14
    and renew the kingdom there
  • 2 Chronicles 15:8
    renewed the altar
  • 2 Chronicles 24:4
    repair the house of the LORD
  • 2 Chronicles 24:12
    carpenters to repair the house
  • Job 10:17
    Thou renewest thy witnesses
  • Psalms 51:10
    renew a right spirit within me.
  • Psalms 103:5
    thy youth is renewed 
  • Psalms 104:30
    Thou sendest forth thy spirit, they are created: and thou renewest the face of the earth.

David chose to use the word "Codesh" which comes from the root word "Chadesh"... This word means to renew, repair, be new, bring back.

But David could have chosen the Hebrew word "Saharon", which means Crescent moon. But he did not. More on the Crescent moon later.

But David chose the word "Chadesh? Meaning new moon.

"The time appointed" This seems to be a bad translation.

In the NIV it is translated "Full Moon". Well all know we can't have a full moon on the first day of the month. So what is the real meaning here. The word "appointed" is translated from the Hebrew:

3677 kece' {keh'-seh} or keceh {keh'-seh}
Which is from the root:

3680 kacah {kaw-saw'}
Which means: to cover, conceal, hide

So, what David is really saying is "Blow up the trumpet on the first of the month (7th month), in the time of the hidden moon, on our solemn feast day.

What is the New Moon?

The hidden Moon, when totally dark is a conjunction with the sun, and earth. A miracle of Yahweh's time clocks in action.

Another example from King David

How could David make these statements with such certainty?

I Samuel 20:5
And David said unto Jonathan, Behold, to morrow [is] the new moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third [day] at even.

Jonathan also, knew with certainty that tomorrow is the New Moon? How?

I Samuel 20:18
Then Jonathan said to David, To morrow [is] the new moon: and thou shalt be missed, because thy seat will be empty.

There was no written and saved history, before the Jews came back from Babylon. We know how it was done then. Witness's were sent out, and when they saw the crescent moon, they lit a fire on the mountain, then came back to Jerusalem to be questioned by the Sanhedrin....Well, that took some time, did it not.

But how did David know that tomorrow was the new moon?

Well, could he have looked up in the sky and saw the conjunction and said tomorrow is the Crescent moon and that is the New moon? Hardly possible. You can not see the moon when Yahweh is renewing it. It is dark.

So, how could he have known?

Some say, they were calculating it. Well, many nations knew how to do that as well as Israel.... Others say, well this dinner David was talking about was preplanned ahead. And some say, the kings always invited envoys from other parts of Israel to attend. Still more have concluded that it had to have been planned for quite a while. So, calculating the conjunction is how they did it.

Many feel that, David looked up and saw the last Crescent moon, thereby knowing tomorrow is the new moon. You can see the last crescent just about daybreak the day before conjunction. Is that what David saw?

How could David have stated with certainty, that "tomorrow is the New moon"?

If they were doing it in the way it was done when they returned from Babylon, David would have had to wait until they saw the Crescent moon, about sunset, then waited until the witness had returned to Jerusalem, then word would have been brought to the King. Seems likely that process would take a bit of time...But what if, it was cloudy and overcast that evening, then they would have had to wait another day. Is that scriptural?

Argument for the Crescent

Some say according Gesenisus' Hebrew/Chaldee Lexicon that the term "Hodesh"(2320) came from # 2318 which means to be new, or to polish a sword. Etymologist has well observed that its PRIMARY SENSE IS THAT OF CUTTING AND POLISHING. and the signification of newness appears to proceed from that of a sharp polished splendid sword. We see that a new moon CANNOT mean a full moon. A full moon in no way appears as a polished sword ( or a conjunction moon). IN THE CASE OF A TRUE NEW MOON, IT APPEARS AS A SCIMITAR, OR CURVED SWORD".

Answer...

Yes, we knew of this definition early on in our search for the truth. There are many Hebrew scholars that certainly disagree with the "Gesenisus". I really have not found any other definitions that agree with "Gesenisus".

Some would say, the Crescent does not look like a sword. But I would disagree with that. Searching has shown us that the Arab (Muslims) built their swords in a Crescent style. We understand that Islam counts from the Crescent, in fact many Crescent moons appear on top of their Mosques as previously stated. And there is evidence in the digs around Ur and Haram (where Abram was called from), that on top of the temple built for the moon god; a crescent moon was there.

Crescent Moon

The Crescent Moon - Saharon

Isaiah 3:18
In that day the Lord will take away the bravery of [their] tinkling ornaments [about their feet], and [their] cauls, and [their] round tires like the moon,...

The NIV has this: 

In that day the Lord will snatch away their finery: the bangles and headbands and crescent necklaces,...

The word moon is translated from:

7720 saharon {sah-har-one'}
1) moon, crescent, as ornament

Other places this is found:

Judges 8:21
Then Zebah and Zalmunna said, Rise thou, and fall upon us: for as the man [is, so is] his strength. And Gideon arose, and slew Zebah and Zalmunna, and took away the ornaments that [were] on their camels' necks.

Judges 8:26
And the weight of the golden earrings that he requested was a thousand and seven hundred [shekels] of gold; beside ornaments, and collars, and purple raiment that [was] on the kings of Midian, and beside the chains that [were] about their camels' necks.

 

What about this?

History seems to indicate that after the Babylonian captivity that the first visible crescent was sighted. The sighting was then checked and verified by a great assembly, which was the forerunner of the Sanhedrin.

Was this the way they observed the new moon before the exile? I have not found any evidence to show it. The fact is there are few references to a calendar before the exile.

The only proof we have is the history recorded by the Pharisees who are the Rabbis of today. The next problem we have is that while in Babylon the leaders may have taken on more than just the Babylonian names for the months. The fact is, as the bible itself reveals, the Israelites were influenced by the people around them.

The Saharon, which was probably made of metal and had the form of a crescent, i.e., the crescent moon. It was worn by women (Isa. 3:18), and by kings (Jud. 8:26), and tied to the necks of camels (Jud. 8:21) to protect them from the Evil Eye.

The crescent was a favorite amulet among many peoples of Western Asia, and it represented to them the strength and protection of the waxing and not the waning moon. " (Budge, pg. 213) "Before Jacob went to Bethel to present himself before Yahweh he made all his people to hand over to him their "strange gods" and ear-rings (i.e., crescent-shaped amulets), and he hid them under the oak which was in Schechem (Gen. 35:4)" (Budge, pg. 214)

Of these references, the scriptural evidence is pre-exodus with the exception of Isaiah which talks of a time when the daughters of Jerusalem will have their jewelry taken away including crescents. It is also interesting to note that the ancient Babylonian's had a Elohim (god) (they called "mighty one" whose name was Sin and whose symbol was that of a crescent. "The Babylonian moon-god Sin (su'e) stands in a crescent-moon, his symbol. Agate Neo-Babylonian seal c. 7th - 6th cent. B.C." (The Illustrated Bible Dictionary, pg. 1023).

There is a word in Hebrew that means crescent moon that word is Saharon yare'akh. The word saharon is in the scriptures and refers to amulets as seen above. But it is interesting that the Hebrew word for new moon (Chodesh) and crescent moon (Saharon yare'akh) are not the same. If there was a word available to describe what moon the new moon is and if the new moon was a crescent, then why isn't it used in the scriptures.

We can see that the first visible crescent (waxing) is used by the neighbors of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob and their descendants the Israelites as a protective amulet as well as worshipped as a deity. If you read throughout the Holy Scriptures you will see that the Israelites followed after these peoples and practices their idolatries. Why else would Elohim say that he would take away their crescents. While I will not try to tell you that it proves that the crescent is not the new moon, I find the evidence of crescent-moon worship disturbing. Would Yahweh link himself to pagan practices and rites?  I think not!

Chapter 6:  From David to the Captivity

Was the Father happy with Israel and Judah before captivity? And what caused them to go into captivity?

Yahweh's command!

Deuteronomy 4:19
And lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, [even] all the host of heaven, shouldest be driven to worship them, and serve them, which Yahweh thy Elohim hath divided unto all nations under the whole heaven.

Did they do just that?

Jeremiah 8:2
And they shall spread them before the sun, and the moon, and all the host of heaven, whom they have loved, and whom they have served, and after whom they have walked, and whom they have sought, and whom they have worshipped: they shall not be gathered, nor be buried; they shall be for dung upon the face of the earth.

Notice they loved, served, walked with, sought and worshipped these things.

Why does Isaiah say this and Amos also?

Isaiah 1:14
Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul hateth: they are a trouble unto me; I am weary to bear [them].

Amos 5:21
I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell in your solemn assemblies.

Why does he call them Your, not mine... Many say because they were unfaithful and didn't keep them right. But would he not say, you have corrupted my New Moons and Sabbaths (appointed feasts).

How then, did they worship the sun and moon?

Crescent moon is part of the worship of Astarte. But you can look that up. Today the Muslims have a crescent moon on top of their temples. Many look at the crescent and remark about the horns. It was all part of pagan worship. The horns of the crescent being part of the cow worship.

Many today say they have to see the new moon as the first light. Well, that's what the Babylonians did? the first light.

Scripture tells us how they worshipped the sun.

Ezekiel 8:16
And he brought me into the inner court of the Yahweh's house, and, behold, at the door of the temple of Yahweh, between the porch and the altar, [were] about five and twenty men, with their backs toward the temple of Yahweh, and their faces toward the east; and they worshipped the sun toward the east.

When did they do that? At the first light of the sun. Was that the way they worshipped the moon? Of course they did worship the moon.

Is this at least a part of the reason they went into captivity?

Other Scriptures

Deuteronomy 17:3
And hath gone and served other gods, and worshipped them, either the sun, or moon, or any of the host of heaven, which I have not commanded;

II Kings 23:5
And he put down the idolatrous priests, whom the kings of Judah had ordained to burn incense in the high places in the cities of Judah, and in the places round about Jerusalem; them also that burned incense unto Baal, to the sun, and to the moon, and to the planets, and to all the host of heaven.

II Kings 17:16
And they left all the commandments of Yahweh their Elohim, and made them molten images, [even] two calves, and made a grove, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served Baal.

II Kings 21:3
For he built up again the high places which Hezekiah his father had destroyed; and he reared up altars for Baal, and made a grove, as did Ahab king of Israel; and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them.

Did they count the Holy Days right? Seems not to. Yahweh says He hates THEIR Feast Days.

What happened? They wanted to serve the gods of Babylon, so He sent them into captivity where they got these ideas.

Chapter 7: The Second Temple Period

Was the Father happy with the way the Jews did things after returning from captivity? Well, scriptures seem to indicate that He was not.

From the time of David, but there is much History as how the Jews counted towards the Holy Days, after they came back from Captivity and before.

The Babylonian exile, in the first half of the sixth century B.C.E., greatly influenced the Hebrew calendar. This is visible today in the names of the months.

The exact day of the new month was determined by observation of the moon and by seeing when the new crescent actually appeared... On the 30th of each month the members of the High Court, the Sanhedrin, assembled in a particular courtyard in Jerusalem (Beit Ya'azek) and waited to receive testimony from two reliable witnesses. If they came, then the moon was sanctified. It was considered a very great Mitzvah to come to Jerusalem to give evidence that you had seen the first crescent of the moon, and even Shabbat could be desecrated in order to fulfill this obligation. If no one came because the moon wasn't visible, then the new month, Rosh Chodesh, was automatically declared to begin on the next day, i.e. the 31st day after the beginning of the last month. Beacons were kindled on the Mount of Olives and on designated mountains throughout the land, to inform everyone.

During the period of the Sanhedrin, a committee of the Sanhedrin met to evaluate reports of sightings of the lunar crescent. If sightings were not possible, the new month was begun 30 days after the beginning of the previous month.

Much later, under the patriarchate of Rabbi Judah I, (163 - 193) the Samaritans, in order to create confusion, lit the bonfires at the wrong time. Rabbi Judah abolished the bonfires and substituted messengers.

Jews living far off always celebrated the 30th day as Rosh Chodesh and if the messengers didn't arrive in time, or if they were informed that it was postponed to the 31st day, they celebrated that as well.

You know the story, I'm sure, of how they sighted the Crescent, with witness, then the fires lit, then witness were brought to the Sanhedrin for questioning.

Much Confusion!

This period of time is known in Jewish history as the Second Mikdash.

It is a well known fact; for instance, that the First Mikdash was destroyed in 586 BCE and the Second Mikdash was consecrated in 516 BCE, and destroyed in 70 CE. The Second Mikdash, therefore, stood 585 years (not 586), while according to Jewish chronology, it stood only 420 years (See Yoma 9a and Yerushalmi Megilah I, 12).

After the Babylonian captivity the Jews carried back with them the Babylonian solar/lunar calendar and used it to determine the dates for high Holy Days.

Notice this by their own writings, about the second Mikdash.

After the Babylonian captivity the Jews carried back with them the Babylonian solar/lunar calendar and used it to determine the dates for high Holy Days. A small bit of math, along with recorded history, reveals a startling fact:

"In the second Mikdash (temple), which abided for 420 years, more than 300 High Priests served. If you take off therefrom the 40 years which Shimeon the Righteous served, the 80 years which Yochanan the High Priest served, the 10 years which Yismael b. Fabi served or, as some say, the 11 years of Rabbi Eleazar b. Charsum, and then count the number of High Priests from then on -- you will find that none of them completed his year in office. They all died when they entered the Holy of Holies on Yom Kippur" [by the "lunar" reckoning] "to make the atonement and pray for a good year for all Jews. This happened because they were corrupt. They bought the high priestly office for money and also accepted bribes." (Rabbi Sholom Klass, The Jewish Press, p. 5, May 9, 1997.)

"The people were so accustomed to see the priests die that they tied a rope around them and, when they didn't walk out from the Holy of Holies, the people knew they had died and they were then pulled out, for no one else was allowed to enter the Holy of Holies."

Notice, they claim the reason for this was that the priest were corrupt. Well, I don't doubt that, but.....Wasn't the sacrifice done by the priests before entering into the Holy of Holies good enough? Well, it should have been. There was no need of repentance at that time, only a sacrifice. His attitude would not have mattered.

Was it because he was going into the Holy of Holies on the wrong day?

Consider this.

Numbers 3:4
And Nadab and Abihu died before Yahweh, when they offered strange fire before Yahweh, in the wilderness of Sinai, and they had no children: and Eleazar and Ithamar ministered in the priest's office in the sight of Aaron their father.

You know the story....Was their attitude wrong? Of course, but why did they die? Because they offered strange fire. It was different that what was commanded.

Also, consider this.

I Samuel 6:19
And he smote the men of Bethshemesh, because they had looked into the ark of Yahweh, even he smote of the people fifty thousand and threescore and ten men: and the people lamented, because Yahweh had smitten [many] of the people with a great slaughter.

Why? Because they looked into the ark, and they were commanded not to.

Also, consider this.

II Samuel 6:6-7
And when they came to Nachon's threshingfloor, Uzzah put forth [his hand] to the ark of God, and took hold of it; for the oxen shook [it]. 
And the anger of Yahweh was kindled against Uzzah; and Elohim smote him there for [his] error; and there he died by the ark of Elohim.

What was Uzzah attitude? Why did he die. Certainly not because he was corrupt, but because he disobeyed.

The Priest during the second Mikdash died (my opinion) because they were going into the Holy of Holies on the wrong day. How did they get the wrong day. From counting from the crescent.

Was the Father happy with the nations of Israel and Judah, before or after the captivity?
The answer clearly is no.

Will the calendar be made right for the time of the Messiah? Read on!

Chapter 8: The Time of Messiah Yahshua

Did our Father want the counting of the New Moons to be right for the birth of his Son, Yahshua?

It is a well known fact, for instance, that the First Mikdash was destroyed in 586 BCE and the Second Mikdash was consecrated in 516 BCE, and destroyed in 70 CE. The Second Mikdash, therefore, stood 585 years (not 586), while according to Jewish chronology, it stood only 420 years (See Yoma 9a and Yerushalmi Megilah I, 12).

After the Babylonian captivity the Jews carried back with them the Babylonian solar/lunar calendar and used it to determine the dates for high Holy Days.

But at the time when the Messiah was born a man came on the scene and later started a school. His name was Hillel the Elder. Not to be confused with Hillel II who changed the calendar to what we have now with all the postponments.

A study of this man is enlightening. His writing is very much like the Messiah in many ways. In particular the scriptures about the Beatitudes. His views were very much like the Messiah.

What did he do, at the beginning of the years of the Messiah? Their own history records this.

The decree of establishing the Rosh Hodesh on the basis of calculations which are unconnected to the appearance of the moon was enacted by the Rabbanite, Hillel the Elder. The method was guarded as a secret to keep the people from knowing about the change and therefore was called by our brothers the Rabbinites "The Secret of Intercalation" (this is testified to in many Rabbinite works, for example "Magid Harakia`" p.35).

Notice, not connected to the appearance of the moon. But done by calculation.

So, according to their writings the counting then was from the Conjunction, not the Crescent. Thetas why we feel the Father wanted things right for His Son.

Hillel the Elder came on the scene about the same year that the Messiah, Yahshua was born.

So, we decided that whatever was being used at the time of the Savior Yahshua, was correct. Mainly because of the Passover and Pentecost.

We in our studies found that the Messiah was crucified in 30 AD and that Passover was a Wednesday.

Checking with the Naval and National Observatory, we found beyond a shadow of a doubt, that they only way you can reach a Wednesday Passover was counting from the Conjunction. We check the years 29,30,31,32,33, 34. We found that in the year 34, you can get a Wednesday Passover, from the crescent moon if you could see it in 10 hours (I think it was) from Conjunction. That is almost impossible.

We also found 30 A.D. fits the prophecy in the Book of Daniel.

 

Looking at Daniel 9: 25-27

A day of prophetic fulfillment is a year in actual time (Ezek 4.4-6) & (Num 14.34). The total number of years from the decree to restore Jerusalem until the ministry of Messiah is figured this way: 69 (weeks) X 7 (days a week) equals 483 prophetic days, or 483 years of actual time.

The decree was issued to Ezra by King Artaxerxes of Persia (Ezra 7.8 -11). This decree officially established Jerusalem as a provincial capital city, under its own governor, within the Persian Realm. The seventh year of Artaxerxes was the calendar year from September 458 BC to September 457 BC.

The 483 years of the 69 week prophecy extended from that time forward to AD 27. That was the time Yahshua the Messiah began His ministry. 69 X 7 = 483 years - 457 BC the year the decree was issued This leaves a subtotal of 26 years, or AD 26 The prophecy of Daniel 9 contains another prophetic week, making a total of 70 weeks.

This last week is important. It was also prophesied that the Messiah would... confirm the covenant (the New Covenant) with many for one week: and in the midst (middle) of the week, he shall cause the sacrifice and oblation to cease... (Dan 9.27) The Messiah would be cut off in the middle of the week or after 3 1/2 years, (the time of Yahshua's ministry). Since AD 26 -adding 3 1/2 half years would bring us to the Spring AD 30, the time of His death. Yahshua was about 30 in the Autumn of AD 26.

Three decrees concerning Jerusalem are recorded, that of Cyrus, B.C. 536 (Ussher), for the restoration of the "house of the Lord God of Israel" (2Chr. 36.22.23; Ezra 1.1-3); that of Darius (Ez. 6.3-8, B.C. 521-486), and that of Artaxerxes in his seventh year (Ez. 7.7, say, B.C. 458). Artaxerxes in his twentieth year, B.C. 444 (Hales, Jahn), 446 (A.V.), 454 (Ussher, Hengstenberg), gave permission for the rebuilding of the "city," i.e., "Jerusalem" (Neh. 2.1-8). The latter decree is obviously, that from which the "seven weeks" (49 years) run, unless by "the commandment to restore," etc. is meant the divine decree (Dan. 9.23).

In the present state of biblical chronology the date of the decree of Artaxerxes cannot be unanswerably fixed farther than to say that it was issued between 454 and 444 B.C. In either case we are brought to the time of Christ. Prophetic time is invariably so near as to give full warning, so indeterminate as to give no satisfaction to mere curiosity (cf. Mat. 24.36; Acts 1.7). The 434 years reckon, of course, from the end of the seven weeks so that the whole time from "the going forth of the commandment to restore," etc., "unto the Messiah" is sixty-nine weeks of years, or 483 years.

Why would we trust an observatory in this important decision? Well, they have no religious axe to grind. They care less on how or when we observe the Set-Apart days.

So, armed with that info, we set out to see if the postponements were in effect during that time. So far, we cannot find that they were.

Now we have our final understanding-Time time of our Savior's crucifixion and how it was counted.

Clearly, by much proof, it was counted from the New Moon (dark, conjunction) to arrive at a Wednesday Passover.

It is interesting to note here that the New Moon arrived on the day of the Vernal Equinox.

Chapter 9: The End of the Year

Year's End

Just what exactly does this term refer to, when it comes to the word of YHWH?

Lets take a look at some of the scriptures, which give an explanation.

Leviticus 23:39
Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto Yahweh seven days: on the first day [shall be] a Sabbath, and on the eighth day [shall be] a Sabbath.

Exodus 23:16
And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours, which thou hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, [which is] in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field.

Deuteronomy 16:13
Thou shalt observe the feast of tabernacles seven days, after that thou hast gathered in thy corn and thy wine:

Exodus 34:22
And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end.

Deuteronomy 16:13
Thou shalt observe the feast of tabernacles seven days, after that thou hast gathered in thy corn and thy wine:

Deuteronomy 14:24
And if the way be too long for thee, so that thou art not able to carry it; [or] if the place be too far from thee, which Yahweh thy Elohim shall choose to set his name there, when Yahweh thy Elohim hath blessed thee:

Deuteronomy 14:25
Then shalt thou turn [it] into money, and bind up the money in thine hand, and shalt go unto the place which Yahweh thy Elohim shall choose:

Notice the words, "year's end" -- "after"! What exactly are these scriptures trying to convey?
The term "years end", merely means the end of the growing season. The season starts in the spring, by Yahweh's sign of the Vernal Equinox, and it ends by Yahweh’s sign of the Autumn Equinox. That is simple enough to understand! This is the time to grow.

The term "after" means just what it says. After you have gathered in (harvested) ALL your crops you shall go to the Feast of Tabernacles.

  • How did they get to the Feast of Tabernacles? By walking or riding a donkey.
  • They were to turn their produce into money and go to the Feast.
  • How long did that take? A few days, or a week or more?

The principal crops of the region, were undoubtedly, wheat and barely, from which was derived the common bread of the country. Mention is also made of spelt, millet, lentils, flax, cucumbers, melons, beans, cumin, fennel, etc. Hay was not in use as fodder at that time, consequently barley with chopped straw was fed to cattle (Gen. 24:25, 32 Judg. 19:19, sq.).

Notice the growing season of the different crops. Some were harvested later than others were.

The sowing began after the Feast of Tabernacles (the end of October and in November), in the time when the autumn rains come gradually, thus leaving the farmer time to sow his wheat and barely. Summer fruits (millet, beans, etc.) were sown in January and February. Harvest began with the barley (II Sam. 21:9; Ruth 2:23), which ripens from two to three weeks before wheat, and was begun after the presentation of the first barley sheaf. Lentils, etc. were also ready at the same time as the barley. Then came the wheat and spelt, so that the chief part of the grain harvest closed around Pentecost.

Year 1999

If you followed the Jewish Calendar in 1999, you would have observed the Feast of Tabernacles starting September 25.

The Autumn Equinox was September 23.

This would have been 2 days after the Autumn Equinox. Do you think that was enough time to gather in "ALL your crops," turn it into money, and walk to the Feast?

I don't think so! Checking with Israel during September 23, we found that ALL the crops had not even been harvested. Some had, but others had not.

The question then arises, "Would Yahweh set the Feast so early, that some could not harvest their crop and turn it into money, and walk to the Feast"?

If we are in sync with the signs of Yahweh, we will be in sync with the harvests.

Notice the "Latter rains", begin after the Feast of Tabernacles and the sowing begins for the winter crops.

Many others not following our calendar realized it was simply just too early for the Feast of Tabernacles.

However, for some of us, attempting to follow the signs of Yahweh, we found when we observed the Feast of Tabernacles, (October 23), ALL the harvest was done in Israel, the people had time to sell their produce, turn it into money and travel to the Feast.

As I traveled to the Feast in 1999, I noticed here in the U.S., the crop had just been picked, the Soybeans had been combined, and other produce had just been harvested.

It is obvious that the early Feast set by the Jewish Calendar, was about a month too early for the end of the year harvest.

Chapter 10:  A Summary

We have tried simply to show you why we disagree with the Jewish Calendar. Also, tried to show a brief history of the calendar until the time of the Savior Yahshua.

SO, HAVE WE THEN MADE A CALENDAR?

THE ANSWER IS VERY CLEARLY "NO!"

If this had been the case, we would have had to count days, months and try to get it all to correspond with the Roman Calendar or Jewish Calendar in some fashion.

The Problem!

The Jewish nation followed to a certain extent the Babylonian Calendar when they came back from captivity.

The Jewish Calendar that is used today followed the Roman Calendar

Many have attempted to do this very thing, and it usually comes up wrong in some way. They then are forced to add, or take away days per month, figure in leap years and so on.

For example, the Jewish Calendar has used the Roman Calendar when it was made. Clearly this is a mixture with the Roman Calendar which is entirely pagan.

Many today attempting to write a "Holy Day Calendar" still do the same, using the Roman Calendar as a basis.

Yahweh does not accept any man made calendars in regard to His Holy Days!

If we could only forget man made calendars and accept His commandments in regard to keeping His Holy Days, then our problems would be at an end!

What is it that we have done then?

The answer is quite simple: We have decided to let Yahweh show us through His scriptures when to count for the Holy Days!

The "calendar" we arrived at is simply based on Instructions, Commandments, and understanding!

"Understanding"

  1. To let Yahweh show us when to begin the months, by providing the sign in the heavens (a miracle of Yahweh's time clock) called the Vernal Equinox! This begins the growing and harvest season.
  2. To let Yahweh show us by the first (Conjunction) on or after the V.E., when to start counting to the Holy Days. This also is one of His miracles.
  3. To let Yahweh show us when the beginning of each month begins by the (conjunction of the Sun, Moon and Earth).
  4. To let Yahweh show us when the growing and harvest season ends. The end of year by the Autumn Equinox. Another of Yahweh's miracles.

By following YHWH’s instruction, regardless of what the Roman calendar says, we then would be in harmony with Him.

Yahweh says to His people "Come ye out of Babylon"

The world is locked into the Babylonish system today. By following Yahweh's laws in regard to His Holy Days, is one of the ways to come out.

The choice is:

YOURS

For example starting in the year 2000, and these are the beginnings of the month of the Roman Calendar, by the conjunction!

  • First month - April 5
  • Second month - May 4
  • Third month - June 2
  • Fourth month - July 2
  • Fifth month - July 31
  • Sixth month - August 30
  • Seventh month - September 28
  • Eighth month - October 28
  • Ninth month - November 26
  • Tenth month - December 26
  • Roman year 2001
  • Eleventh month - January 24
  • Twelveth month - February 23

Because it is after the Vernal Equinox, we start the Beginning over again.

  • Beginning of the first month= March 24

This would bring a total of 360 days from April 5 to March 24.

  • Second month - April 23
  • Third month - May 23
  • Fourth month - June 21
  • Fifth month - July 21
  • Sixth month - August 19
  • Seventh month - September 18
  • Eighth month - October 17
  • Ninth month - November 16
  • Tenth month - December 15
  • Eleventh month - Jan 14
  • Twelfth month - February 12
  • Thirteenth month - Mar 14

Because it is way before the V.E., we wait another month.

  • Beginning of the first month= April 12

You will notice, there are 11 months in one year and 13 in the next.

The resulting confusion, is caused by man being forced to reconcile with the (Roman calendar) and it simply will not jive with Yahweh's Holy days. It just does not work!

Getting in harmony with Yahweh's instructions does. When YHWH’s instructions are implemented, the barley harvest will work, the end of the year will work and we will be keeping the Holy Days with Him, on His Days.

We will just have to let the Roman calendar do its thing, until Yahshua returns. Then the calendar will be made right.

No longer will Yahweh have to say, "YOUR" Feasts; He can then say "MY FEASTS!

Won't that be a wonderful time, when all the children of Yahweh gather together on the same day to celebrate His Feasts together!

Isaiah 1:14
Your new moons and your appointed feasts my soul hateth: they are a trouble unto me; I am weary to bear [them].

Amos 5:21
I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell (take any delight) in your solemn assemblies...

 

-End of Study-